Die Tour de France ist das größte Radsport-Event des Jahres. Wann findet die Tour statt? Wann wird welche Etappe gefahren? Den Endstand in allen Gesamtwertungen der Tour gibt es hier - ob Gelbes Trikot, Grünes Trikot, Bergwertung, Mannschaftswertung oder das Klassement des. Tour de France Gesamtwertung und die Trikotwertungen. Gelb, Grün und Bergtrikot im Überblick. Die Gesamtwertung und die.
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The Tour originally ran around the perimeter of France. Cycling was an endurance sport and the organisers realised the sales they would achieve by creating supermen of the competitors.
Night riding was dropped after the second Tour in , when there had been persistent cheating when judges could not see riders. Desgrange said his ideal race would be so hard that only one rider would make it to Paris.
Early tours had long multi-day stages, with the format settling on 15 stages from until After this, stages were gradually shortened, such that by there were as many as three stages in a single day.
The first Tours were open to whoever wanted to compete. Most riders were in teams that looked after them. Some of the Tour's most colourful characters have been touriste-routiers.
One finished each day's race and then performed acrobatic tricks in the street to raise the price of a hotel. Until Desgrange forbade team members from pacing each other.
Until he demanded that riders mend their bicycles without help and that they use the same bicycle from start to end.
Exchanging a damaged bicycle for another was allowed only in By the end of the s, Desgrange believed he could not beat what he believed were the underhand tactics of bike factories.
The original touriste-routiers mostly disappeared but some were absorbed into regional teams. In Desgrange had a prostate operation. At the time, two operations were needed; the Tour de France was due to fall between them.
Desgrange persuaded his surgeon to let him follow the race. Desgrange died at home on the Mediterranean coast on 16 August Each organised a candidate race.
Both were five stages, the longest the government would allow because of shortages. On the Tour's return, the format of the race settled on between 20—25 stages.
Most stages would last one day but the scheduling of 'split' stages continued well in to the s. National teams contested the Tour until Some nations had more than one team and some were mixed in with others to make up the number.
National teams caught the public imagination but had a snag: that riders might normally have been in rival trade teams the rest of the season.
The loyalty of riders was sometimes questionable, within and between teams. Sponsors were always unhappy about releasing their riders into anonymity for the biggest race of the year, as riders in national teams wore the colours of their country and a small cloth panel on their chest that named the team for which they normally rode.
The situation became critical at the start of the s. Sales of bicycles had fallen and bicycle factories were closing. The Tour returned to trade teams in Doping had become a problem culminating in the death of Tom Simpson in , after which riders went on strike,   though the organisers suspected sponsors provoked them.
The Union Cycliste Internationale introduced limits to daily and overall distances, imposed rest days and tests were introduced for riders.
It was then impossible to follow the frontiers, and the Tour increasingly zig-zagged across the country, sometimes with unconnected days' races linked by train, while still maintaining some sort of loop.
The Tour returned to national teams for and  as "an experiment". In the early s the race was dominated by Eddy Merckx , who won the General Classification five times, the Mountains Classification twice, the Points Classification three times and a record 34 stages.
In he already had a commanding lead when he launched a long-distance solo attack in the mountains which none of the other elite riders could answer, resulting in an eventual winning margin of nearly eighteen minutes.
In he did not win because he did not enter the Tour and his winning streak only truly came to an end when he finished 2nd to Bernard Thevenet in In the polka-dot jersey was introduced for the winner of the Mountains Classification.
Since then this stage has been largely ceremonial and is generally only contested as a prestigious sprinters' stage. See 'Notable Stages' below for examples of non-ceremonial finishes to this stage Occasionally a rider will be given the honor of leading the rest of the peloton onto the circuit finish in their final Tour as was the case for Jens Voigt and Sylvain Chavanel among others.
The late s into the early s the Tour was dominated by Frenchman Bernard Hinault who would become the third rider to win five times. Hinault was defeated by Joop Zoetemelk in when he withdrew, and by his own teammate Greg LeMond in but he was in contention during both of these Tours.
Only once in his Tour de France career was he soundly defeated and this was by Laurent Fignon in The edition , was more uncertain than past editions as previous winners Hinault and Zoetemelk had retired, LeMond was absent and Fignon was suffering from a lingering injury.
As such the race was highly competitive and the lead changed hands eight times before Stephen Roche won. When Roche won the World Championship later in the season he became only the second rider after Merckx to win cycling's Triple Crown which meant winning the Giro, the Tour and the World road race championship in the same year.
Levitan helped drive an internationalization of the Tour de France, and cycling in general. While the global awareness and popularity of the Tour grew during this time, its finances became stretched.
The former television presenter Christian Prudhomme —he commentated on the Tour among other events—replaced Leblanc in , having been assistant director for three years.
From onward was arguably the beginning of what can be referred to as the dope-era, as a new drug which drug tests were not able to detect began being used known as erythropoietin EPO.
Pedro Delgado won the Tour de France by a considerable margin and in and Lemond returned from injury and won back to back Tours with the edition still standing as the closest two-way battle in TDF history with Lemond claiming an 8-second victory on the final time trial to best Laurent Fignon.
The early s was dominated by Spaniard Miguel Indurain who became such an exceptional time-trialist that it didn't even matter many top level riders were experimenting with EPO.
He won the time trials by such dominating margins that virtually nobody could compete with him and as a result he became the first rider to win five Tours in a row.
The influx of more international riders continued through this period as in and the race was won for the first time by a rider from Denmark in Bjarne Riis , and Germany in Jan Ullrich.
During the Tour de France a doping scandal known as the Festina Affair shook the sport to its core when it became apparent that there was systematic doping going on in the sport.
Numerous riders and a handful of teams were either thrown out of the race, or left of their own free will and in the end Marco Pantani survived to win his lone Tour in a reduced main field.
Initially it seemed to be a Cinderella type story when cancer survivor Lance Armstrong stole the show on Sestriere and kept on riding to the first of his astonishing seven consecutive Tour de France victories, however was just the beginning of the doping problem getting much, much worse.
Following Armstrong's retirement in the edition saw his former teammate Floyd Landis finally get the chance he worked so hard for with a stunning and improbable solo breakaway on Stage 17 in which he set himself up to win the Tour in the final time trial, which he then did.
Not long after the Tour was over however, Landis was accused of doping and had his Tour win revoked. Over the next few years a new star in Alberto Contador came onto the scene,  but during the edition a veteran, committed Danish rider Michael Rasmussen was in the Maillot Jaune late in the Tour in position to win when his own team sacked him for a possible doping infraction;  this allowed the rising star Contador to ride mistake free for the remaining stages to win his first.
Like Greg LeMond at the beginning of the EPO era, winner Carlos Sastre was a rider who went his entire career without a single doping incident and between approximately and this was the only Tour to have a winner with a clear biological passport.
No Danish rider was in contention in and Rasmussen, the only Danish rider capable of winning the Tour during this era was not even in the race.
Another rider absent was Floyd Landis, who had asked Armstrong to get him back on a team to ride the Tour once more but Armstrong refused because Landis was a convicted doper.
Landis joined OUCH , an American continental team and not long after this initiated contact with USADA to discuss Armstrong.
In Cadel Evans became the first Australian to win the Tour after coming up just short several times in the previous few editions.
Overshadowing the entire sport at this time however, was the Lance Armstrong doping case , which finally revealed much of the truth about doping in cycling.
This decision cleared the names of many people, including lesser known riders, reporters, team medical staff and even the wife of a rider who had their reputations tarnished or had been forced from the sport by challenging the Armstrong machine.
Much of this only became possible after Floyd Landis came forward to USADA. The generation from the mid s and beyond seems to be competing on a level playing field without having to make the decision so many riders of the previous generation had to make; which was to give in and start doping, or give up on their dreams.
In Italian rider Vincenzo Nibali won in one of the most convincing fashions seen in years making him only the second Italian rider to win the race since the 's.
Beginning in , and only being interrupted by Nibali's performance in , Team Sky would dominate the peloton for years in an extended manner not seen since Armstrong at US Postal.
Froome would win three tours in a row, followed by the first person born in the British Isles to win in Geraint Thomas Wiggins was born in Belgium and Froome was born in Kenya followed by the first Colombian to win the Tour in Egan Bernal.
The Tour was postponed to commence on 29 August, following the French government's extension of a ban on mass gatherings after the COVID outbreak.
In the local towns and cities that the Tour visits for stage starts and finishes it is quite the spectacle that usually shuts these towns down for the day resulting in a very festive atmosphere and these events usually require months of planning and preparation.
That number expands to about during the race itself, not including contractors employed to move barriers, erect stages, signpost the route and other work.
The oldest and main competition in the Tour de France is known as the "general classification", for which the yellow jersey is awarded: the winner of this is said to have won the race.
The oldest and most sought after classification in the Tour de France is the general classification. If a rider is leading more than one classification that awards a jersey, he wears the yellow one, since the general classification is the most important one in the race.
The leader in the first Tour de France was awarded a green armband. Riders usually try to make the extra effort to keep the jersey for as long as possible in order to get more publicity for the team and its sponsors.
Eddy Merckx wore the yellow jersey for 96 stages, which is more than any other rider in the history of the Tour. Four riders have won the general classification five times in their career: Jacques Anquetil , Eddy Merckx , Bernard Hinault , and Miguel Indurain.
The mountains classification is the second oldest jersey awarding classification in the Tour de France.
The mountains classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition and was first won by Vicente Trueba. Climbs are classified according to the steepness and length of that particular hill, with more points available for harder climbs.
The classification was preceded by the meilleur grimpeur English: best climber which was awarded by the organising newspaper l'Auto to a cyclist who completed each race.
The classification awarded no jersey to the leader until the Tour de France , when the organizers decided to award a distinctive white jersey with red dots to the leader.
At the end of the Tour, the rider holding the most climbing points wins the classification. Some riders may race with the aim of winning this particular competition, while others who gain points early on may shift their focus to the classification during the race.
The Tour has five categories for ranking the mountains the race covers. During his career Richard Virenque won the mountains classification a record seven times.
The point distribution for the mountains in the event was: . The points classification is the third oldest of the currently awarded jersey classifications.
The classification was added to draw the participation of the sprinters as well as celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Tour. Points are given to the first 15 riders to finish a stage, with an additional set of points given to the first 15 riders to cross a pre-determined 'sprint' point during the route of each stage.
The point classification leader green jersey is worn by the rider who at the start of each stage, has the greatest number of points.
In the first years, the cyclist received penalty points for not finishing with a high place, so the cyclist with the fewest points was awarded the green jersey.
From on, the system was changed so the cyclists were awarded points for high place finishes with first place getting the most points, and lower placings getting successively fewer points , so the cyclist with the most points was awarded the green jersey.
The number of points awarded varies depending on the type of stage, with flat stages awarding the most points at the finish and time trials and high mountain stages awarding the fewest points at the finish.
The winner of the classification is the rider with the most points at the end of the Tour. In case of a tie, the leader is determined by the number of stage wins, then the number of intermediate sprint victories, and finally, the rider's standing in the general classification.
The classification has been won a record seven times by Peter Sagan. In the jersey was changed to red to please the sponsor. For almost 25 years the classification was sponsored by Pari Mutuel Urbain, a state betting company.
As of , the points awarded are: . The leader of the classification is determined the same way as the general classification, with the riders' times being added up after each stage and the eligible rider with lowest aggregate time is dubbed the leader.
The Young rider classification is restricted to the riders that are under the age of Originally the classification was restricted to neo-professionals — riders that are in their first three years of professional racing — until In , the organizers made it so that only first time riders were eligible for the classification.
In , the organizers changed the rules of the classification to what they are today. This classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition , with Francesco Moser being the first to win the classification after placing seventh overall.
The Tour de France awards a white jersey to the leader of the classification, although this was not done between and Two riders have won the young rider classification three times in their respective careers: Jan Ullrich and Andy Schleck.
The most combative rider wears a number printed white-on-red instead of black-on-white next day.
An award goes to the most aggressive rider throughout the Tour. Already in a sort of combativity award was offered, when Sports Populaires and L'Education Physique created Le Prix du Courage , francs and a silver gilt medal for "the rider having finished the course, even if unplaced, who is particularly distinguished for the energy he has used.
Auch bei der Austragung der Tour de France ging es um verschiedene Wertungen. Bei der Frankreichrundfahrt werden mehrere Trikots vergeben, im Fokus steht der Kampf um die Gesamtwertung , dessen führender das Gelbe Trikot trägt.
Insgesamt nahmen 22 Teams an der Frankreich-Rundfahrt teil. Bei der Tour de France ging das deutsche Team Bora-hansgrohe aus Raubling an den Start.
Neben Bora-hansgrohe war für Deutschland auch das Team Sunweb am Start. Nicht jedes Team hat Fahrer für das Gesamtklassement im Aufgebot.
Manche konzentrieren sich auf Etappensiege und die Sprintwertung — auch Punktewertung genannt. Der Führende des Punkteklassements trägt das Grüne Trikot.
Seit hat Peter Sagan das Trikot jedes Jahr gewonnen — mit Ausnahme von , als er in einem Zielsprint einen schweren Sturz verursachte und vom Rennen ausgeschlossen wurde.
Die Punkte werden bei Zwischensprints und Etappenankünften vergeben. Auf den Flachetappen gibt es bis zu 50 Sprintpunkte für den Tagessieger, auf schweren Bergetappen nur noch Die erreichbaren Punkte bei den Zwischensprints sind auf allen Etappen mit maximal 20 Punkten gleich.
Flachetappen 1. Etappe : 50, 30, 20, 18, 16, 14, 12, 10, 8, Mittlere Schwierigkeit 2. Etappe : 30, 25, 22, 19, 17, 15, 13, 11, 9, 7, Schwere Etappen 8.
Etappe : 20, 17, 15, 13, 11, 10, Einzelzeitfahren Etappe und Zwischensprints: 20, 17, 15, 13, 11, 10, Haben zwei oder mehrere Fahrer die gleiche Punktzahl, wird bei der Platzierung zunächst auf die Zahl der Etappensiege, dann auf die Zahl der gewonnenen Zwischensprints geschaut.
Gibt es dann immer noch einen Gleichstand, entscheidet die Platzierung im Gesamtklassement. Je nach Schwierigkeitsgrad des Anstiegs sammeln die Fahrer unterschiedlich viele Punkte.
Bei Punktgleichheit in der Gesamtwertung ist entscheidend, wer mehr höherwertige Wertungen gewonnen hat. Besonders lohnenswert ist der Etappensieg am Col de la Loze auf der Vereinigtes Konigreich.
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